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Law 1 – The Field of Play
• Goalposts and the crossbar may be a combination of the four basic shapes
Law 10 – Determining the Outcome of a Match
• Yellow cards (YCs) and warnings are not carried forward into kicks from the penalty mark
• See also changes to Law 14 relating to KFPM
Law 11 – Offside
• Deliberate handball by a defending player is considered ‘deliberate play’ for offside
Law 12 – Fouls and Misconduct
• Handball:
• the boundary between the shoulder and the arm is defined as the bottom of the armpit
(see the diagram on p. 14)
• ‘accidental’ handball by an attacking player (or team-mate) is only penalized if it occurs
‘immediately’ before a goal or clear goal-scoring opportunity
• A goalkeeper can receive a YC or be sent off (RC) for ‘illegally’ touching the ball a second
time after a restart (e.g. goal kick, free kick etc.) even if the touch is with the hand/arm
• Any offence (not only a foul) which ‘interferes with or stops a promising attack’ should
result in a YC
• A player who fails to respect the 4m required distance at a dropped ball should receive a YC
• If the referee plays advantage or allows a ‘quick’ free kick for an offence which ‘interfered
with or stopped a promising attack’, the YC is not issued
Law 14 – The Penalty Kick
• An offence by the goalkeeper is not penalized if a penalty kick misses the goal or rebounds
from the goal (without a touch from the goalkeeper) unless the offence clearly affected the
• The goalkeeper is warned for the first offence; it is a YC for any further offence(s)
• The kicker is penalized if the goalkeeper and the kicker offend at exactly the same time
VAR protocol
• Only one ‘TV signal’ is required for a VAR-only review
• A definition of the offence of holding has been included
• A player’s position at a restart is the position of the feet or any part of the body which is
touching the ground (except as outlined in Law 11 – Offside)

Below link will have video of actual situations to help understand the LOTG


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Fouls: Careless, Reckless, using Excessive Force/Violent conduct

1. Does the player show a lack of attention or consideration when making the challenge?

2. Does the player act without precaution when making the challenge?

3. Does the player make fair or unfair contact with the opponent after touching the ball?

4. Does the player act with disregard for the danger to the opponent?

5. Does the player act with disregard for the consequences to the opponent?

6. Does the player have a chance to play the ball in a fair manner?

7. Does the challenge put an opponent in a dangerous situation?

8. Does the player touch the ball before making contact with the opponent?

9. Does the player exceed the necessary use of force when making the challenge?

10. Does the player use brutality against an opponent when making the challenge?

11. Does the challenge endanger the safety of the opponent?

12. What degree of speed and/or intensity does the player use when making the challenge?

13. Does the player show malice when making the challenge?

14. Does the player lunge at an opponent from the front, from the side, or from behind?

15. Which part of the body does the player use to make contact?

16. Does the player use his/her studs when making a tackle?

17. On which part of the opponent’s body is contact made?

18. In which direction do the tackler’s feet point?

19. Does the player challenge for the ball at the moment in which the contact is made?

20. Does the player charge the opponent in a fair manner?

21. Is the foul an act of violent conduct or of serious foul play?

22. Is the challenge committed in a fair manner or a careless manner?

248. Does the player use an arm as a “tool” or a “weapon”?

The 133rd AGM of The International FA Board (The IFAB) in Aberdeen, Scotland on 2 March 2019 approved a number of amendments to, and clarifications of, the Laws of the Game for 2019/20.

Three changes were approved following 2 years of worldwide experiments:

• The introduction of yellow and red cards for misconduct by team officials

• A player being substituted leaving the field at the nearest point on the boundary line

• At a goal kick and a free kick for the defending team in their own penalty area, the ball is in play as soon the kick is taken (it can be played before it leaves the penalty area) Other changes include: clearer wording for ‘handball’, attacking team players must be at least 1m away from a defensive ‘wall’, the goalkeeper only has to have one foot on the goal line at a penalty kick, and a new dropped ball procedure (including a dropped ball being awarded if the ball hits a match official and goes into the goal, team possession changes or a promising attack starts). This document summarises the main changes only – a more detailed version with the exact text of all the changes may be found in the document ‘Laws of the Game 2019-20 – Changes and clarifications’; both documents are available on The IFAB’s website ( ).

Downloadable versions of the Laws of the Game 2019/20 in English, French, German and Spanish will be available in mid/late May on The IFAB’s website, along with details of the new IFAB Laws of the Game app.

All changes come into force on 1st June 2019. Competitions starting before that date may apply the changes from the start of their competition, at an agreed point during the competition (e.g. after the mid-season break) or may delay them until no later than the start of the next competition.

Laws of the Game 2019/20 Changes and clarifications

Laws of the Game 2019/20 Summary